Contact Us  >Coronavirus (COVID-19): Business as usual - we can still provide all our services while observing social distancing rules.

Japanese knotweed is commonly viewed as an annoying pest that can ravage your garden, cripple your house price and generally run roughshod over your property.

With such devastating effects, discovering Japanese knotweed on your property is enough to drive you to drink and have you reaching for the liquor cabinet in no time.

Luckily enough, doing so could actually help you combat your knotty invaders, as Japanese knotweed can actually be used to make a variety of adult beverages!

If you have JKW on your property, why not put your garden invader on ice today with these interesting drinks you can make with Japanese knotweed.

 

Japanese knotweed drinks

 

Japanese Knotweed Vodka

Due to its uncanny likeness, Russian vine is often wrongly mistaken for Japanese knotweed. Given the existing connection, why not take that international relationship one step further by using your JKW to make a tasty vodka?

Simply chop your knotweed shoots into inch-long chunks and place in a 1-litre jar with 75cl of vodka and 225g of sugar. Shake, seal and leave for approximately a month. Strain the mixture into a bottle using a muslin cloth and reseal for future sampling at your leisure. Nostrovia!

 

Japanese Knotweed Gin

Perhaps the easiest option in this blog, creating Japanese knotweed-infused gin is almost too easy NOT to try.

Japanese knotweed is often compared to rhubarb for its sharp, tart flavour. These attributes make it an excellent addition to gin that’s also complimented perfectly with traditional tonic.

To infuse your gin with the knotweed flavour, chop the JKW shoots into short 1-2cm chunks, slicing enough to fill a clip-top jar. Submerge completely with your unflavoured gin of choice and leave in a cool, dark place to infuse for at least a week before straining into a sealable bottle.

For the full, organic effect, push a chopstick through a freshly cut (and washed) shoot of knotweed to create a hollow straw and serve chilled with tonic and ice.

 

Japanese Knotweed Tea

If backyard booze isn’t your cup of tea, maybe this next entry will be…primarily as it’s just that – tea!

A staple of Asian culture, it should come as little surprise to hear that Japanese knotweed can indeed be used to make a hearty herbal brew that’s beneficial in numerous ways. Rich in Vitamin A and Vitamin C, JKW is also a great source of zinc, potassium, phosphorous and manganese.

Known domestically as “Itadori” tea, it’s also rich in resveratrol, which has been known to combat bad cholesterol, lower blood pressure and protect brain function. Simply bring to the boil and simmer for 20 mins before adding sugar to taste. Can also be served chilled as a refreshing ice tea.

 

Other Japanese Knotweed Beverages

Proving just how versatile the demonised weed can be in terms of palatable delicacies, Japanese knotweed can even be made into beer. Imagine sitting down with one of those the next time the footy is on!

Even if knotweed beer doesn’t take your fancy, you're still not out of options in terms of liquid refreshments. With Japanese knotweed, you can turn vine into vino with Japanese knotweed wine; however, these recipes are admittedly a lot less simple and require a lot more time, effort and patience to master.

 

Japanese Knotweed Removal

While putting any on-site Japanese knotweed to good use is a great way to make the best of a bad situation, it’s highly unlikely that you will be able to drink JKW into submission.

If you want to rid your property of Japanese knotweed altogether, it may be worth considering professional removal services.

With over 15 years’ experience, Taylor Weed Control is fully equipped with the knowledge and expertise to get the job done once and for all.

 

For further details on our Japanese knotweed removal services, why not get in touch today? Call now on 029 2039 7554 or click the button below to request a FREE weed removal survey.

Request a FREE Survey

Japanese knotweed has long been the worst enemy to those looking to buy and sell property in the UK, with its mere presence being enough to stop a sale dead in its tracks.

However, that could all be set to change in the near future, thanks to a pending parliamentary investigation in the works.

Parliament has urged the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs to commission a new and potentially ground-breaking study on international approaches to Japanese knotweed.

 

japanese knotweed study

 

“Overly Cautious”?

The news comes following a thorough examination of the latest Japanese knotweed research by the House of Commons Science and Technology Committee.

According to the examination conducted by the Committee, lenders overseas do not necessarily treat knotweed with the same degree of caution as they do domestically in the UK.

As a result of the study, the Committee voiced its concern that the UK approach was overly cautious and therefore unnecessarily damaging to homeowners and those looking to sell properties with Japanese knotweed.

 

Potential Impact

The House of Commons Science and Technology Committee has pitched the concept with the intent of using the results for further discussion and a subsequent more detailed report down the line.

Should the overall outcome confirm that the typical UK lender’s stance on Japanese knotweed is indeed “overly cautious”, it could potentially have a considerable impact on the property market as a result.

 

Suggestion Pending

Despite the prospective influence, such a study could have on the housing market and people’s attitudes to Japanese knotweed in general, it’s worth noting that the study has yet to be confirmed.

As of press time, the status of such an investigation is merely in the recommendation stage, with the Committee simply putting the concept forward to Defra as a suggestion.

As a result, ignoring Japanese knotweed and deeming it a non-issue as things stand is a not only a premature approach, it can also prove to be a short-sighted, risky and costly decision.

 

Knotweed Removal

Regardless of whether Japanese knotweed is ultimately deemed to be a serious issue or not, removal and treatment is undoubtedly the safest and smartest way to keep your property protected.

Horror stories of overrun gardens and infested landscapes are far from tall tales and we’ve seen first-hand just how devastating a Japanese knotweed infestation can be if left untreated.

At Taylor Weed Control, we have over 15 years of experience in the weed removal game and are fully equipped with the knowledge, expertise and tools of the trade necessary to rid your property of its unwanted garden guest, once and for all.

 

 

For more information on Japanese knotweed treatment or the variety of Japanese knotweed removal services at Taylor Weed Control, why not drop us a line today? Call now on 029 2039 7554 or get in touch online for a FREE Japanese knotweed survey.

Contact Us

Japanese knotweed may appear to die during the cold winter months, but it's probably still alive and lying dormant beneath the soil.

Tree in winter

As the calendar cascades from shimmering summer to auburn autumn and beyond, the weather naturally starts to get colder.

In fact, as soon as the clocks go back, it's not unusual for the temperature to drop faster than a microphone at a rap battle.

While the frosty cold and bitter chill can be a stark reminder that summertime has indeed been consigned to history, it does have its perks - particularly when it comes to garden weeds.

Most garden weeds will die out during the wintertime and spend the cold months either biting the dust or kicking the bucket - either way, few tears will be shed in remembrance.

But does Japanese knotweed die off in winter as well? Let's find out...

 

To Have and Have Knot

Anyone unlucky enough to have fallen foul of Japanese knotweed in the first place has likely been left frustrated to the point of nausea by the relentless persistence of the wicked weed.

However, the summertime supremacy of this invasive species does recede during the winter, losing its leafy greens and taking on a far less intimidating brittle brown appearance.

While this may seem to be a welcome reprieve for gardeners, don't let this faux farewell fool you.

Battle-tested knotweed veterans will know that this is all a clever ruse, perpetrated by the pesky plant to lull you into a false sense of security.

 

What Lies Beneath

Though Japanese knotweed may appear to die in winter, appearances can be deceiving.

While the colour may change and the canes may recede, a death this certainly is not. Sadly, the wintertime is merely a power-nap for Japanese knotweed, and sooner or later, the plant will rear its ugly head once more.

Such a miraculous resurrection might seem almost unfathomable, but this is no miracle. Despite the frail shoots, the knotweed rhizomes remain healthy and virtually unscathed beneath the soil and merely lay dormant in the ground throughout the winter period.

As winter turns to spring, your Japanese knotweed will rise once more like a phoenix of frustration from the ashes, ready to unleash its wrath on your garden once more.

 

Treating Japanese Knotweed in Winter

If you have Japanese knotweed present in your garden, why not give yourself an early Christmas present and serve your unwanted guest a festive eviction notice?

At Taylor Total Weed Control, our weed-whacking warriors are armed to the teeth with an itchy trigger finger to match - they're ready, willing and able to blow your knotty no-goodnik to smithereens.

With over 15 years of experience in the weed removal game, we have the power to banish the vexatious vine from whence it came. All you have to do is ask!

Request a FREE Japanese knotweed survey

Japanese knotweed has once again proved to be a nationwide issue, cropping up as far north as Aberdeenshire in Scotland.

The invasive plant has become a growing concern amongst locals in the area after Japanese knotweed was discovered growing on the cliffs around Muchalls and Newtonhill.

With Muchalls and Newtonhill being two primary conservation sites in the Aberdeenshire area, the discovery of knotweed presence caused a natural concern for Aberdeenshire Council, prompting them to take immediate action.

 

japanese knotweed news

 

Taking Action

The perils of untreated knotweed are well-documented, notably characterised by its ability to smother native vegetation, rock structural foundations and overthrow the local scenery.

As such, pre-emptive action was imperative in nipping the knotweed issue in the bud before it grew into a sizeable problem a began to ravage to local landscape.

 

Nipping it in the Bud

Recognising the potential repercussions of a delayed response, Aberdeenshire Council called in local experts to tackle the issue in a timely and effective manner.

The North East Invasive Non-Native Species project has also sought to take action by aiding the council in its efforts to fend off the invasive onslaught.

Councillor Anne Stirling of Aberdeenshire Council praised the initiative, reinforcing the importance of a proactive approach in maintaining National Heritage sites, noting the following:

“Controlling Japanese knotweed in these locations is vitally important to prevent the further spread of this invasive plant into sensitive coastal habitats.”

 

Japanese Knotweed Removal

While Taylor Weed Control doesn’t stretch into the jurisdiction of the Scottish Lowlands, we do offer our expertise to those within South Wales and South East England.

Both of these regions are commonly affected by Japanese knotweed and we have seen first-hand just how much damage the pesky plant can do if left to its own devices.

With over 15 years’ experience in the weed removal game and literally hundreds of knotweed jobs under our belt, there’s no-one more qualified for a knotweed knockout than our team at TWC.

If you suspect you or a neighbouring property may be harbouring an unwanted Nipponese guest, don’t wait around to take action.

Channel your inner Braveheart, free your garden from the unwanted invaders and “gie it laldy” today with Taylor Weed Control.

 

For more information on Japanese knotweed services from Taylor Weed Control, why not drop us a line today? Call now on 029 2039 7554 or get in touch online by clicking the button below.

Get in Touch

House hunters are being urged to exercise extra caution this winter as signs of Japanese knotweed become less obvious and increasingly difficult to detect to the untrained eye.

As the seasons take a turn and the autumn/winter cold takes hold, the pesky plant begins to recede into dormancy and retreat from obvious view, making it easy to overlook.

For those looking to buy a house during this time, the increased inconspicuousness can lead to a property purchase that soon becomes a big regret.

 

japanese knotweed news

 

Worrying Statistics

While it’s a legal requirement for homeowners to inform potential buyers of any Japanese knotweed present on their property, that fact doesn’t stop everyone from trying to pull the wool over the eyes of would-be buyers.

In fact, a recent survey conducted by online market research and data analytics firm, YouGov, showed that a worrying 4% of those selling a property with JKW would attempt to cover it up it hopes of securing a sale and avoiding devaluing their property.

This statistic isn’t helped by the further YouGov study that revealed that just 19% of Brits could identify Japanese knotweed when faced with the plant. Meanwhile, this fact can be made even worse when a dishonest seller is actively trying to hide the problem.

 

Notable Impact

The figures once again highlight the increasingly notable impact that Japanese knotweed infestations are having on the housing market, affecting both those looking to sell their properties and those looking to buy.

Nevertheless, such knotweed nightmares shouldn’t be a total deal-breaker when it comes to purchasing a property. A professional treatment plan can actively knock the issue on the head and see any housing horror stories put to bed like a naughty child.

 

Professional Treatment

If you’re considering buying a property with Japanese knotweed, any weedy worries you may have can be fixed and put to rest with our team of professional experts, dedicated to soil refinery and ready to get to the root of the problem.

At Taylor Weed Control, we have over 15 years’ experience battling Japanese knotweed tooth and nail (or, more accurately, shoot and root) and have the art of knotweed warfare down to a sweet science.

Not only are we registered with the Property Care Association and report to the Royal Institute for Chartered Surveyors, our services also come with Japanese knotweed insurance that ensures the terms of treatment are upheld no matter what.

 

For more information on our Japanese knotweed removal services or tips on how to detect any knotweed present on your potential purchase, why not drop us a line today? Call now on 029 2039 7554 or get in touch online by clicking the button below.

Contact Us

A study conducted by a team of Swansea University scientists has come across a rare Japanese knotweed hybrid near Cardiff.

The knotweed cross-breed is commonly known as Connolly’s knotweed – a blend of traditional Japanese knotweed and similar-looking plant, Russian vine.

While Connelly’s knotweed is fairly rare on UK soil, records have shown a rise in prominence of the rare plant across continental Europe.

With this emergence in South Wales comes growing concerns that Britain’s knotweed problem could get worse.

 

sheep, connelly’s knotweed, japanese knotweed south wales

 

Problem Might Get Worse

The study was part of a larger investigation conducted by Swansea University College of Science conducted over the course of eight years.

The thorough examination into the knotweed problem also included the world’s largest Japanese knotweed field trial.

According to Swansea University’s Sophie Hocking, the PhD student leading the Japanese knotweed study, had this to say:

“If future climatic conditions become favourable for these seeds to germinate successfully, our Japanese knotweed problem might get worse.

A seed bank full of hybrid knotweed could mean a second wave of invasion following treatment of the initial problem.”

 

Take Action Early

With scientific evidence posing a grim update into the growing Japanese knotweed issue nationwide, the UK’s on-going battle with the villainous vine proves to be far from over.

While the impact of this latest discovery remains to be seen, the importance of taking eradicative action on Japanese knotweed upon discovery has never been more evident.

Early discovery and early attention can help minimise the issue and limit the damage caused by the unwelcome guest.

 

Knotweed Removal

If you believe you may have Japanese knotweed on your property or suspect there may be Japanese knotweed on a neighbouring property, act fast to nip the problem in the bud before it gets out of hand.

At Taylor Weed Control, we specialise in evicting Japanese knotweed from your property for good. With over 15 years’ experience in the knotweed game, our team of experts are more than capable of wiping out your weedy woes.

Our services are available across South Wales and the South West, including Cardiff and Swansea. Whether you knotweed is of the Japanese or Connelly variety, we don’t discriminate – we’ll help you say “sayonara” to your knotweed problem today.

 

For more information on the Japanese knotweed removal services available at Taylor Weed Control, why not drop us a line today? Call now on 029 2039 7554 or get in touch online by clicking the link below.

Get in Touch

Over the last month, it’s come to light that the Environmental Agency and the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) have come up with a helpful and proactive way of tackling the growing Japanese knotweed problem in the UK.

As part of a conscious effort to monitor and reduce the implications of Japanese knotweed across the country, the EA and DEFRA have suggested the implementation of a national database to track the plants reach and whereabouts, as well as monitoring its subsequent effects on house prices.

 

national knotweed database, japanese knotweed news

 

Plant Tracking

The move comes as a result of findings reported by the Science and Technology Committee, highlighting the impact the invasive plant can have on properties across the UK.

However, this latest step isn’t the first time the Environmental Agency’s first foray into Japanese knotweed monitoring territory.

The Environment Agency had previously attempted to track the reach of the naughty knot with its PlantTracker app, commissioned back in 2012.

The original app aimed to utilise crowd-sourcing as a means of creating a national database; however, it was removed from due to funding issues and development problems.

 

Mapping it Out

While other independent companies have attempted to chart the knotweed problem in recent years, this new government-led initiative could well be the comprehensive map the general public has needed.

The Environment Agency is set to consult with major national Japanese knotweed removal firms to explore the practicalities of assembling a database and assimilate how these third parties could contribute.

The government has confirmed that the EA will meet with both the Property Care Association and Invasive Non-Native Specialists Association (INNSA) to begin this process in early autumn 2019.

As part of the government’s deep-dive into the Japanese knotweed issue, the EA and DEFRA aim to look into the issue extensively over the coming months, with their findings set to be published by March 2020.

 

Japanese Knotweed Treatment

While the move by the government is reassuring news for the future of (or lack thereof) of Japanese knotweed in the UK, the process is still likely to be a slow and laborious one that’s of little help to anyone already plighted by the wicked weed.

If you are currently suffering from the ill-effects of Japanese knotweed or believe your property may well be under invasion from the Asian vegetation, why not drop us a line today?

Our team of experts have over 15 years’ experience in weed removal and are the premier Japanese knotweed specialists in Wales and the West.

Stop your horticultural headaches before they become a viny migraine by nipping it in the bud today, courtesy of Taylor Weed Control.

 

For more information on Japanese knotweed removal service from Taylor Weed Control, call 029 2039 7554 now to speak to our team or click the button below to request a FREE knotweed survey.

Request a FREE Survey

Japanese knotweed troubles once again hit the headlines this week as shocking news surfaced about the extent of effects JKW can have on house prices.

According to some experts, the average drop in house value is a startling 10% – all the more reason to nip your problem in the bud if you suspect knotweed is lurking on your property.

 

house prices, Japanese knotweed treatment

 

Frightful Statistics

Property comparison site, Zoopla, notes that the average price of a property in Wales was approximately £180k. For the average home, that equates to a troubling £18k lost simply through the mere presence of Japanese knotweed.

 

Flawed Science

Back in May, The Telegraph reported that that the House of Commons Science and Technology Committee viewed the banks’ stance on JKW as an “overly cautious” approach to the issue.

According to the article, the committee noted that the structural impact of Japanese knotweed “might not be as significant as previously believed.''

Nevertheless, the banks and mortgage lenders continue to hold firm in their steadfast approach to the pricing of Japanese knotweed properties.

 

The Smart Choice

While the impact on price will naturally vary from one property to the next, the 10% figure is a good rule of thumb for anyone looking to buy or sell a property with Japanese knotweed present on site.

If you’re looking to sell your property, it can be far more financially beneficial to treat the problem before you sell, particularly if the fee equates to less than 10% of your property value.

 

Japanese Knotweed Removal

If you’re looking to stop your Japanese knotweed issue dead in its tracks, here are Taylor Weed Control, we can help send your sinister squatters back from whence they came.

Our team of experts have over 15 years’ experience in weed removal and have dealt with countless cases of knotweed first-hand, up-close and personal.

As Wales’ foremost Japanese knotweed specialists, we take great pride in making homes knotweed-free, with a variety of proven techniques and methods to do just that.

Protect your home and your property value by treating your Japanese knotweed issue today before it gets out of hand. The alternative could prove costly!

 

For more information on Japanese knotweed treatment from Taylor Weed Control, why not drop us a line today? Call now on 029 2039 7554 or get in touch online using the button below.

Get in Touch

Recent research has uncovered some insightful stats regarding the Japanese knotweed in the UK, which could pose a worry to homeowners in Wales and the West. In this blog, we talk about some of the most serious Japanese knotweed hotspots along the west coast.

According to House Beautiful, Wales and Bristol are particularly problematic areas for Japanese Knotweed, making up two of the top three worst-affected regions in the UK. While Bolton tops the list, Bristol isn’t far behind with over 100,000 active cases of Japanese knotweed

A further article by Wales Online noted that “The Land of my Fathers” is particularly impacted by the vine from “The Land of the Rising Sun”, with areas like Llanelli, Caerphilly and Swansea all clocking in at well over 300 cases of JKW infestation. 

japanese knotweed hotspots, Japanese knotweed survey

 

“A Major Problem Across the UK”

Japanese knotweed expert, Nic Seal, noted that “Japanese knotweed has become a major problem across the UK, with areas of industrial heritage such as North Wales particularly badly affected”.

The Welsh government website also notes that, while spread throughout Wales, Japanese knotweed hotspots most commonly appear on sites that are disturbed by human activity such as railway lines, rubbish tips, old allotments, derelict land.

This fact was reinforced by the recent story of Network Rail having a myriad of issues with Japanese knotweed infestations on their land nationwide. If you happen to live in one of the Japanese knotweed hotspots we've described, or an area characterised by these traits - vigilance is key to keeping it under control. 

 

Japanese Knotweed Surveys

Mr Seal went on to mention that “Anyone thinking about buying a property in or around these hotspots would be wise to (…) consider instructing a specialist to carry out a Japanese knotweed survey on the property to check for evidence of the plant.” Better safe than sorry, right?

However, that advice isn’t strictly reserved for buyers. Homeowners in Japanese knotweed hotspots that suspect they may have Japanese knotweed on their property could also benefit greatly from a Japanese knotweed survey. Early detection could make all the difference!

Japanese Knotweed Services

If you are looking to buy a property in an area commonly affected by Japanese knotweed or happen to suspect Japanese knotweed is already present on your existing property, your best course of action is to pick up the phone and call Taylor Weed Control today.

With over 15 years’ experience in the weed removal trade, we’ve crossed paths with this stubborn Oriental offender on countless occasions and have yet to meet an infestation too big or a challenge too steep for our team of pros to tackle.

Best of all, at Taylor Weed Control, we offer a Japanese knotweed survey completely FREE of charge to anyone based in South Wales or the South West. So, if you live in a Japanese knotweed hotspot, don't worry. Our knotweed experts will be able to identify an infestation in no time and recommend the best course of action to take from there.

For more information on our Japanese knotweed hotspots or our knotweed removal services, why not drop us a line? Call today on 029 2039 7554 or request a FREE Japanese knotweed survey now by clicking the button below.

Request a FREE Survey

A row of terraced houses

Selling a house whose garden is infested with Japanese knotweed is a tricky proposition. Japanese knotweed can have a big impact on the value of a property, and make your home considerably less desirable in the eyes of potential buyers.

It may be tempting to just play dumb and pretend you're unaware of the invasive species in your back garden, but if you conceal the fact that there is Japanese knotweed on a property you're selling, you may be breaking the law.

Whether you're a homeowner or an estate agent, here are some tips to help you complete the sale AND stay on the right side of the law.

 

First, make sure it actually IS Japanese knotweed.

If you think there's Japanese knotweed on a property you're trying to sell, your first course of action should be to call an expert.

Note that Japanese knotweed looks quite similar to a number of other plants and weeds - including bindweed, Russian vine, broadleaf dock and ground elder - so we recommend contacting a Japanese knotweed specialist and asking them to carry out a survey of your property.

An experienced professional will be able to confirm whether or not you have a Japanese knotweed problem and advise you on what to do next.

READ MORE: How to Identify Japanese Knotweed

 

Be honest.

Japanese knotweed isn't technically classified as a 'notifiable weed', but since 2013, the Law Society's TA6 form includes a specific question on the subject of Japanese knotweed. Failure to disclose information relating to a knotweed infestation on your property can be deemed a breach of Consumer Protection Rights regulations.

Naturally, such a transgression can have legal ramifications, providing solid grounds for misrepresentation and potentially leaving you open to a lawsuit. So it's best to be honest and upfront about the issue during the entire selling process.

 

Look for a guarantee.

If it turns out that you do indeed have Japanese knotweed on your property, it's important to take action as soon as possible. The longer you leave it, the worse the problem get.

Mortgage lenders can be extremely hesitant to lend the full amount if a property has Japanese knotweed, mainly because the plant can affect the building's structural integrity. However, lenders can be persuaded - you just need to take a proactive approach.

We recommend finding a Japanese knotweed removal specialist who offers a Japanese knotweed guarantee, i.e. a warranty that will safeguard you in the event that the infestation should return after treatment.

If you can demonstrate that appropriate removal measures have been implemented, this will potentially convince mortgage lenders to overlook the fact that you have Japanese knotweed on your property (or at last lead them to be more sympathetic to your situation).

READ MORE: Mortgages & Japanese Knotweed

 

Don't expect a quick fix.

Japanese knotweed control can be a lengthy process - several visits will be required, and a complete course of treatment often takes around three years. If you want to maximise your home's value, you may want to refrain from selling until after your knotweed problem has been eradicated.

That being said, if you really are in a rush to sell your house despite the presence of Japanese knotweed, you may be forced to take a hit on the sale price in exchange for speed of the sale. This might mean that lenders are put off, in which case you'll have to take the cash buyer route; as a result, you could see the sale price drop by up to 20% below market value.

 

Call the professionals.

Essentially, if you're serious about selling a house that has Japanese knotweed (and you don't fancy dealing with a lawsuit or slashing your sale price), your best option is to call in the pros and get to the root of the problem.

Here at Taylor Total Weed Control, we specialise in Japanese knotweed removal and have over 15 years' experience under our belts. For a long-term solution with an insurance-backed guarantee, Japanese knotweed removal from Taylor Weed Control is the smart choice for you and your property.

Contact us to request a FREE survey

Contact Taylor Weed Control

Name *
E-mail address *
Location *
Telephone Number *
Your Message
 
Security Character Security Character Security Character Security Character Security Character Security Character
Enter Letters (No Spaces) *
Security Character Security Character Security Character Security Character Security Character Security Character